Customer Due Diligence Explained
Customer due diligence explained
Customer due diligence, or CDD, is the process of verifying customers’ identities and assessing their financial situations to understand their potential risk of involvement with financing crimes. The customer due diligence rule, also known as the CDD Final Rule, declared that a comprehensive set of risk-based customer due diligence policies are a pillar of a strong BSA/AML compliance program. Anti money laundering customer due diligence is one of the first roadblocks to financial crimes.
How customer due diligence works
The first step in customer due diligence is to obtain a customer’s information. Banks will collect and verify a customer’s full name, residential address, phone number and email address, date of birth, signature and other standard information.
The customer’s information should then be verified through reliable, independent sources. Banks will also assess each customer’s risk level. No two customers have the same financial circumstances and risks. Some require different levels of customer due diligence. There are a few types of CDD:
- Standard customer due diligence
- Simplified customer due diligence
- Enhanced customer due diligence
- Ongoing customer due diligence
Standard customer due diligence
For most financial institutions, standard customer due diligence is sufficient for the majority of customers. In standard customer due diligence, a customer’s identity is verified from a reliable source. Financial institutions will also determine the nature of the customer’s transaction or business needs and obtain more information where necessary to determine if further due diligence is required.
Simplified customer due diligence
When a customer has a very low risk of involvement with money laundering or terrorism financing, simplified due dilligence can be used. For this method, financial institutions need only to identify the customer. The customer’s identity does not need verification.
Enhanced customer due diligence
For customers who have high risk of involvement with money laundering or terrorism financing, enhanced customer due diligence is needed. Those who are at higher risk include politically exposed persons. With enhanced CDD, additional steps are taken to verify the customer’s information and address their situation. Potential additional steps include further identification, information on a customer’s source of funds, the purpose of the transaction and ongoing monitoring.
Ongoing customer due diligence
Because a customer’s financial situation or personal circumstances can change rapidly, it’s important that financial institutions continually monitor their customers to be aware of changes that may require enhanced due diligence. This ongoing customer due diligence should continue until business with the customer ceases.
How to conduct customer due diligence
While customer due diligence can be performed manually, it’s recommended that financial institutions use a CDD software to conduct screenings. Manual screenings are costly, time consuming and leave more room for human error. Customer due diligence software, like RDC’s, can help make AML due diligence and customer due diligence faster, easier and more accurate. RDC delivers smarter customer due diligence screening solutions with the world’s largest open source risk-relevant database. RDC’s CDD software will enhance your business’s customer due diligence program and protect your business from financial crimes.